According to the Canadian Dental Association, 48% of Canadians who have not visited a dentist in the past year have gum disease! At Clinique Dentaire Saint-Charles, we know that even though they may seem benign at first glance, these illnesses should never be taken lightly. People who neglect the health of their gums are at risk for serious oral health problems.
The symptoms of gum disease can go almost unnoticed or can be very uncomfortable. Be alert if you notice any of the following signs:
Periodontics is the term used to describe all treatments that focus on the soft tissues of the mouth and jaw that support the teeth. The two main conditions treated by this specialty are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a widespread gum disease that can have serious consequences if left untreated. The main cause of this disease is plaque, a bacteria-laden film that interferes at the junction of the gum and the tooth (also called the "attachment point"). If plaque is not removed daily with proper brushing, it turns into tartar, a substance that is impossible to dislodge other than by cleaning in a dental clinic. Thus, the accumulation of tartar contributes to the development of gingivitis. Also, the symptoms of gingivitis are sometimes so subtle that you don't even notice them. It is often detected during a routine check-up at the dentist's office.
When gingivitis is not treated in time, periodontitis occurs. This bacterial inflammatory disease affects the gum tissue and attacks the bones that hold back the teeth. The infection then leads to loosening and even loss of teeth. For advanced stages of gingivitis and periodontitis, periodontal surgery is necessary.
The symptoms of periodontitis are:
HOW CAN GUM DISEASE BE PREVENTED?
Gum disease affects people's quality of life by affecting their image and comfort. To avoid these unpleasant consequences, we advise you to eat a balanced diet, quit smoking and maintain excellent oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes and floss daily. Of course, the best way to avoid gum disease is to visit your dentist regularly!
Treatments for Gum Disease
To stop the infection, it is absolutely necessary to "clean" the mouth: all bacteria, tartar and plaque on the surface of the teeth and gums must be removed. To do this, the hygienist or dentist uses several tools and techniques, chosen according to the severity of the disease.
In some more severe cases, the specialist must clean the oral cavity under local anaesthesia or use an antiseptic rinse solution. Sometimes, after laboratory analysis of the bacteria in the spaces between the root and the gum, patients are prescribed antibiotics. In the most extreme cases (loose shoes, loose teeth), surgery is necessary. If there is significant bone loss, for example, bone grafts or implants are required.
Gum grafting is becoming more and more common to address problems associated with insufficient gum tissue. For example, a lack of gum tissue can lead to tooth sensitivity where gum tissue is absent due to direct exposure to cold and heat and tooth brushing. The absence of gingiva can also lead to tooth wear, as the root is less protected against abrasion. Bone loss and root caries, which can easily be prevented by gum treatment, can also occur. To have an oral examination and learn more about the possibilities available to you, contact the team at Clinique Dentaire Saint-Charles in Longueuil.
HOW DOES GUM GRAFTING WORK?
Our team offers its patients the opportunity to graft allogeneic gum, which was previously inaccessible. The graft consists of a connective tissue matrix (tissue underlying the epithelium) from donor tissue (same principle as skin grafts for burn victims). However, this matrix does not contain any trace of cells, hemoglobin, etc. that could cause graft rejection.
The matrix is composed only of collagen allowing your own cells to migrate and colonize the matrix. From now on, we can do a "lift" of any part of your gum that has suffered a recession, even a severe one. Following an initial evaluation meeting, we will take the time to explain the procedure, which varies depending on the location of the graft, the number of teeth to be covered and the desired result. You will be given instructions to prepare for the operation. Rest assured that you will be well accompanied throughout the process.
Our Periodontal Services on the South Shore
At the Clinique Dentaire Saint-Charles, we offer complete periodontal services, i.e. gingival tissue or bone grafting. In addition, we can help prevent gum problems thanks to the impeccable cleaning performed by our hygienists and the meticulous examinations of our dentists.
Want to find out more about the gum grafting process and our periodontics and gum treatment services in Longueuil? Make an appointment at our clinic and we will take the time to answer all your questions. Don't take your pain lightly. Find strong and healthy gums with the professional services of our experienced periodontist. Clinique Dentaire Saint-Charles proudly serves clients in Longueuil, Brossard, Boucherville, Saint-Hubert and elsewhere on the South Shore.
DR. REYHANEH REZAEI
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